Monday, April 28, 2014

Effective Medications against Drug Addiction

People who become dependent on a substance of abuse, whatever that substance of abuse may be, find it especially hard to quit because their brains have undergone changes to account for the presence of that substance in the body. Essentially, this is a natural process that occurs because the brain is in a constant state of trying to balance itself out.
When an individual’s brain gets to this state, normal psychotherapy modalities for treating the addiction can become less effective. This is because the patient is no longer dealing with patterns of abuse but rather a physiological change that drives that abuse. In such cases, medication is often deemed necessary, and is used in combination with psychotherapy sessions.
A synthetic opioid medication, buprenorphine attaches to a section of same neuroreceptors that opiate drugs, such as heroin and morphine, bind to. These keep such drugs from attaching to those same neuroreceptors and causing a high.
Buprenorphine is often administered as Suboxone, which is a combination of buprenorphine and naloxone. This combination prevents Suboxone from being abused because it causes undesirable withdrawal symptoms.

Naltrexone acts in a similar way to buprenorphine. However, it is especially useful because of its availability as a long-acting injectable. Often marketed as Vivitrol®, the injectable version of this medication only needs to be administered monthly. This makes it great for outpatient rehab, where patients may forget to take daily medications, putting them at risk of relapse.


Post a Comment